Costa Rica (officially the Republic of Costa Rica) is a country in Central America. Bordered on the north by the Republic of Nicaragua and the southeast by the Republic of Panama. It has 4,301,712 inhabitants according to census data in 2011. Its territory, with a total area of 51,100 km ², is bordered to the east by the Caribbean Sea and west by the Pacific Ocean.
Its capital, political and economic center is San Jose, and the official language is Spanish.
Costa Rica is one of the most stable democracies in Latin, is the only Latin American country on the list of the 22 oldest democracies worldwide recognition world.6 being the first nation in the world to abolish the army on December 1 1948, abolition was perpetuated in the Constitution of 1949.
Costa Rica ranks fifth worldwide in the classification of the Environmental Performance Index 2012 and the first among the countries in the Americas. In the classification of tourism competitiveness index, 2011 Costa Rica was ranked in 44th place in the world and second highest in Latin America, surpassed only by Mexico. Costa Rica is ranked in 2011 as the country with greater press freedom in Latin America and number 19 worldwide. According to the ranking by Reporters without Borders
Currently human development index is the seventh best in Latin America and the second in Central America.
In 2010, the UNDP noted that Costa Rica is among the few countries that have reached a much higher human development than other countries in their level of income.
In 2007, the Government of Costa Rica announced plans to become the first country in the world carbon neutral or C-neutral by 2021 when as a nation will meet its bicentennial. That is, is a country to offset their carbon emissions by releasing equivalent amounts of oxygen. National Climate Change Strategy. Costa Rica According to the New Economics Foundation, 2012, Costa Rica is ranked 12 in the Happy Planet Index (HPI) and is the "greenest" country in the world.